The Fresno pepper is a darling chili among foodies for its very eatable medium heat and, when red, subtle smokiness. More recipes than ever are calling for this chili. But say your local store doesn’t carry them fresh, what options do you have? What’s the best Fresno pepper substitute to save your culinary masterpiece?
The good news is some of the most popular chilies in the world can help you fill these shoes.
Your best Fresno pepper alternative: Jalapeño pepper
Yes, the ubiquitous jalapeño is your go-to here. In fact, these chilies look so much alike that grocers often mislabel the two in stores. In terms of taste, when they are young and green, the Fresno and the jalapeño have a comparable bright crisp taste and medium heat. The differences come with aging. Fresno peppers tend to become a little hotter, fruitier, and smokier as they turn red. Those are the tastes that some recipes are seeking, so while the jalapeño is your best alternative, it isn’t always perfect. Still, it’s available nearly everywhere produce is sold and the flavors are close enough to cover if time is of the essence.
Chipotle is dried, smoked jalapeño, so it has a condensed smoky flavor that’s much greater than what you get from fresh Fresno. If you’re on the look out for something smoky with a similar heat profile and dried chilies aren’t an issue for the recipe, the chipotle is an excellent choice. To balance the smokiness, you may want to lessen the amount used by half, then add in to taste.
A heat jump: Serrano pepper
Serrano chilies and jalapeños have a similar bright crispness, so really the choice to jump to serrano is all about availability and your spice tolerance. Serrano chilies range from 10,000 to 23,000 Scoville heat units. Ripe red Fresno peppers tap out in heat near the serrano’s basement – around 10,000 SHU maximum, so you could be doubling your meal’s heat by jumping to the serrano. For some, that’s a very good thing; for others the jalapeño is likely your best choice. These chilies are becoming more popular in grocery stores, so if you have the option and you like spicy foods, it may be worth the experiment.